Choose the correct letter A, B or C.
B 12-38 kg of bamboo
C 330 pounds of bamboo
B 14-20 years
C 30 years
Choose TWO letters A-E.
Select two things that are endangering pandas:
D Other wildlife
E Building of roads and railroads
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND / OR A NUMBER.
Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD AND / OR A NUMBER.
Ok, I’m here today to talk to you all about the Panda. It is a species of bear that is under great threat from the damage that humans are doing to the places where they live.
The panda is a peaceful animal that has a black and white coat and is loved around the world. It is a distinctive symbol of China and The Panda has also been the logo of the WWF, that’s the World Wide Fund for Nature, since it was set up in 1961.
It is a member of the bear family. They live mainly in bamboo forests high in the mountains of western China. A Panda's daily menu consists almost entirely of the leaves, stems, and shoots of various bamboo plants. Bamboo contains very little nutritional value, so pandas must eat 12-38 kg every day Q11 to meet their energy needs. New born pandas are about the size of a stick of butter, so that is really small. But they can grow to up to 330 pounds as adults.
They are dependent on their mothers for the first few months of their lives. Panda cubs start to climb trees when they are only 6 months old, and as adults the pandas make excellent climbers, despite their big weight. A panda's average life in the wild is 14-20 years, but a panda can live up to 30 years when they are looked after in places such as zoos.Q12
So why do we worry about Pandas so much? Why are they important? Well, Pandas play a very important part in the bamboo forests where they live by spreading seeds which helps plants and trees to grow. In the Yangtze Basin where pandas live, the forests are full of a vast variety of amazing wildlife, such as dwarf blue sheep, multi-coloured pheasants and other species that are in danger of extinction, including the golden monkey. Also, Pandas bring huge economic benefits to local communities through ecotourism.
Pandas have two main threats. The first is hunting, which is a constant concern. Poaching or killing the animals for their fur Q13 has declined due to strict laws and greater public awareness of the panda’s protected status. But hunters seeking other animals in panda habitats continue to kill pandas accidentally.
They are also threatened by habitat loss. In other words, by the loss of the home where they live. China’s Yangtze Basin region is where the panda’s main home is. But this area is an important economic region for this booming country. So roads and railroads are being built and these are increasingly destroying the forest.Q14 This means that panda populations get separated and so they can’t find a partner to mate with and have babies.
So, what is being done to protect the Panda? The Chinese government has established more than 50 panda reserves. Reserves are places in the wild where animals are protected. However, only around 61% of the country’s panda population is protected by these reserves. Q15 The WWF is also playing a big part in protecting the Panda. The idea for the WWF logo came from ChiChi: a giant panda that had arrived at London Zoo in 1961, the same year WWF was created. The people who set up the WWF were aware of the need for a strong symbol that everybody around the world would recognize. They agreed that the big, furry animal with her cuddly, black-patched eyes would make an excellent logo. This has helped to encourage many people to help support the panda. Q16
Controversially, a well-known television presenter called Chris Packham, who has hosted programs about animals for many years on British TV, said pandas might not be worth saving. He explained that pandas are extraordinarily expensive to keep going. Q17
We spend millions and millions of pounds on this one species, but much less on others. He argues that it would be better to take all this money we spend on pandas and look after other natural places such as rain forests around the world.
He says we have to accept that some animals are stronger than others. The panda is a bear that eats a type of food that isn't very nutritious, Q18it gets diseases easily and it is very difficult to breed. He thinks that extinction is very much a part of life on earth, and we are going to have to get used to it in the next few years because climate change is going to result in all sorts animals disappearing.
However, I don’t agree with him. The panda is quite a weak animal, but this is not why it is going to die, or become extinct. When he says that if you leave them be, they will die out, that's simply not true. The reason it is in danger is because of the damage that humans are doing to the forests that they live in. Q19 If we don’t destroy this, then they will survive in the same way that they have for thousands of years. And also, the places where the pandas live should be protected anyway. The panda shares its home with the red panda, golden monkeys, and various birds that are found nowhere else in the world. The panda's numbers are increasing in the wild, so I don't see them dying out. Q20
Ok, I hope you’ve enjoyed my short talk on pandas. Are there any questions?
You will hear Dan Saunders, a wildlife expert, giving a talk about Pandas.
Choose the correct letter A, B or C.11. Each day, pandas need to eat:A Very little nutrition
B 12-38 kg of bamboo ✔️
C 330 pounds of bamboo12. If pandas are cared for away from the wild, they can live for approximately:A 6 months
B 14-20 years
C 30 years ✔️
Choose TWO letters A-E.
Select two things that are endangering pandas:A Public awareness
C Poaching ✔️
D Other wildlife
E Building of roads and railroads ✔️Questions 15-16
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND / OR A NUMBER.15. What proportion of the panda population in China is protected by reserves? ..61% / sixty-one per cent......16. What did the WWF create which encouraged people to support pandas? ..(a/an) logo / an exellent logo......Questions 17 - 20
Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD AND / OR A NUMBER.Reasons that pandas may not be worth saving:
They are extremely (17) ..expensive.... to look afterThey have a diet that is not (18) ....(very) nutritious....They get sick easily and are hard to breedReasons that pandas should not be allowed to die out:They are in danger because (19) ..humans... are damaging the forestsWe should protect their homes because other animals live thereThe number of pandas in the wild is (20) ..increasing... so they will not become extinct